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閱讀心得 第 1051031梯次 得獎作品
學校名稱: 臺北市立景美女子高級中學 一年級 120 優等
作  者: 王俐筑 
參賽標題: The One and Only Ivan- Symbolization of the Drawings
書籍ISBN: 9780062382399
中文書名: 八號出口的猩猩
原文書名: The One and Olmy Ivan
書籍作者: Katherine Applegare
書籍編譯者: 劉清彥
出版單位: 小天下/HarperCollins Children’ Book
出版年月: 2013年10月3日
版  次:

一、圖書作者與內容簡介:
Ivan, the one and only Ivan, is a gorilla living in the Exit 8 Big Top Mall and Video Arcade. He has been living there for over twenty-seven years, along with some friends: the elephant Stella, the stray dog Bob, the cleaner’s child Julia, and some more. Ivan has never thought of his life back in the jungle, and he rarely has the thought of escaping the domain until he meets Ruby.
This is a story about love and friendship, about the conflict between humans and animal; it is also a story that makes us think of what humans have done to these animals.

二、內容摘錄:
“I’ve learned to understand human words over the years, but understanding human speech is not the same as understanding humans.” (P.3)
”I am too much gorilla and not enough human.” (P.7)
Ivan knows that humans and gorillas have a lot in common, but he knows that he’s too much gorilla so he’s locked in the domain instead of being like Mack, his boss.
“I don’t know why, I never know the why of humans.” (P. 141)
“Humans can surprise you sometimes. An unpredictable species, Homo sapiens.” (P.104)
After hearing Ruby’s own story about being saved by humans, Ivan and Bob felt confused, but it might change their thoughts about humans. They would start to know that not all humans are the same as Mack.

三、我的觀點:
In this book The One and Only Ivan, drawings are something that are often mentioned in the story. This makes me think, why would the author emphasize the importance of drawings so much? What do the drawings symbolize?
Drawing, which is a way Ivan and Julia, the cleaner’s child, communicate with each other, symbolizes the innocence and imagination of children. Julia is still a child, and as children aren’t socialized yet, they have the purest thoughts. They haven’t experienced the world long enough to follow what the world wants us to think and do, so they always surprise adults with their creative answers. On the other hand, adults often can’t make full use of their imagination because they are used to giving the standard answer they were taught instead of listening to their heart.
Ivan is a gorilla imprisoned in his domain. Living in the same space for twenty-seven years isn’t easy, and also very boring, but Ivan finds his interest in drawing. The drawings are sometimes Ivan’s imagination of the world outside his domain. He shows us his thoughts of the world outside which he never has the chance to see it in person. Drawing is a kind of his escape from the reality. Furthermore, the drawings become a key for Ivan to escape from the domain at last. He draws a picture of the zoo and wrote “H” “O” “M” “E”; he uses his drawings to show people his thoughts and feelings. However, people don’t understand his drawings at first, and Julia is the one who figures it out. This shows us the connection of the two characters through drawing.
As a teenager, I can relate to Ivan when he uses drawing as his escape from the reality. We wake up, study, eat, and sleep every day; this routine never stops. Sometimes I would feel like life is quite boring, even when I’m not imprisoned in a domain like Ivan, which makes me pity how Ivan would feel alone in the domain. Yet, drawing does make me feel joyful and excited because I would imagine myself in the wonderland I draw and try to escape from the chaos in reality.
To conclude, drawings are a major element in the novel. Julia and Ivan communicate with each other by drawing, and Julia makes Ivan connect with the outside world at last. Ivan and I both make use of drawing to help us escape from the reality, and that’s what I can relate to the most from the story.

四、討論議題:
Stella once said, “There’s a difference between ‘can’t remember’ and ‘won’t remember’.” Do you think Ivan really can’t remember anything from his past, or does he chooses not to remember? If you were Ivan, would you choose not to remember your past? Why or why not?