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學校名稱: 臺北市立景美女子高級中學 一年級 善 甲等
作  者: 呂琳萱 
參賽標題: Mother Love
書籍ISBN: 9780061992278
中文書名: 八號出口的猩猩
原文書名: The One And Only Ivan
書籍作者: Katherine Applegate
書籍編譯者:
出版單位: HarperCollins Publishers
出版年月: 2012
版  次: 初版

一、圖書作者與內容簡介:
Katherine Alice Applegate was born on October 9, 1956 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She is an American young adult and children’s fiction writer. Applegate’s most popular books are science fiction, fantasy, and adventure novels. She won the 2013 Newbery Medal for her 2012 children’s novel The One and Only Ivan.

二、內容摘錄:
Sara, Julia’s mother, used to help clean the mall. But when she got sick and grew pale, and stooped, Sara stopped coming. (p.46)

“You could try remembering a good day,” Stella suggested. “That’s what I do when I can’t sleep.” (p.53)

“Memories are precious,” Stella adds. “The help tell us who we are.”

Gently but firmly, using her trunk, she nudges Ruby into her domain. Only then does Stella enter. (p.73)

“If she could have a life that...different from mine. She needs a safe place, Ivan. Not-“ (p.112)

三、我的觀點:
This is a novel by Katherine Applegate. In this novel, it talks about Ivan, a silverback gorilla who lives in a circus in a mall. Along with him are his friends, including Stella, an elephant, and Bob, a stray dog.
One day, the owner of the mall gets a new addition to the animals, a baby elephant named Ruby. Stella becomes in charge of Ruby, as she is also an elephant, taking the place of Ruby’s mother. The only problem is that Stella’s leg is easily infected, yet the owner, Mack, always refuses to call the vet because he thinks it is too expensive. One day, Stella’s foot becomes infected yet again, but this time she passes away, because again, Mack didn’t call the vet.
Before Stella passes away, she asks Ivan to promise to take care of Ruby. Ivan is not confident whether he can do it or not, but he knows he must when Mack starts hitting Ruby with a stick to train her to do more tricks. One night, the janitor’s daughter, Julia, gives Ivan some finger paint and it gives him a great idea. Ivan paints a humongous picture of Ruby in the zoo and writes “HOME” at the bottom. Ivan gives this picture to Julia. Ivan hopes that Julia could help him get Ruby to the zoo, but instead, Julia asks her dad to put the pictures on the billboard that is used to advertise the mall.
In response to the billboard, reporters start pouring in. They take many pictures of both Ivan and Ruby, as well as the mall itself. Then, a reporter sees the stick and shows that on TV. Of course, that attracts protesters and later, an inspector. Soon, a woman from the zoo comes visiting. Soon, Ivan realizes the woman from the zoo wants to take him and Ruby to the zoo. Ivan tells Ruby that it is safe and she should listen to the woman.
Soon, Ivan and Ruby are taken away. Ivan is put in a cage that is cleaner, but smaller than his previous one. Then, they start showing him a television show of other silverback gorillas just like him. One day, the zoo lady opens a door and Ivan sees the gorillas on the other side of a big, glass door. Afterwards, Ivan is allowed to go out with the gorillas. It takes time, but he finally gets used to life with the other gorillas and remembers how to be what he really is.
The zoo lady shows Ivan Ruby on a TV screen. She is with some elephants just like her somewhere in the zoo and she looks like she is enjoying herself. A short time later, Julia comes to visit. Ivan finds out that she has adopted Bob.
In this book, Stella plays the role of the mother of the whole story.
The story itself is missing the role of an actual mother. There are several parts in the story where the author mentions some of the characters’ mothers, such as Ivan and Ruby missing their parents and Julia’s sick mother, but they do not actually appear in the story. Yet, Stella is able to represent the motherly character in this novel.
From the beginning of the book, you can see that Stella is always there for Ivan. She plays the role of both Ivan’s mother and also his best friend. Whenever Ivan is feeling depressed, Stella always listens to what he has to say and makes an effort to cheer him up.
Besides Ivan, Stella also cares for Ruby a lot. As soon as Ruby comes, she puts all her effort in caring for her. Ruby relies a lot on Stella, and she trusts her dearly. Stella always puts Ruby in front of her and wants her to have the happy future that she never got.
I remember during my junior high years, I had a great friend who always helped me. Whenever I needed help, no matter big or small, she was always there for me. She was always ready to listen to me and try her very best to help me out. Stella reminded me of her.

四、討論議題:
Did the author purposely remove all characters who could possibly represent a motherly character so that it would be more obvious that Stella was the mother figure? Or is it all a coincidence? Why?