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閱讀心得 第 1051031梯次 得獎作品
學校名稱: 臺北市立景美女子高級中學 一年級 善 優等
作  者: 徐子鈞 
參賽標題: We’re all the same
書籍ISBN: 9780061992278
中文書名: 八號出口的猩猩
原文書名: The One And Only Ivan
書籍作者: Katherine Applegate
書籍編譯者:
出版單位: 小天下
出版年月: 2013年10月03日
版  次: 初版

一、圖書作者與內容簡介:
Katherine Applegate created an unforgettable story of friendship, art, and hope. It’s about a gorilla whose name is Ivan. He spent twenty-seven years behind the glass walls of his enclosure in a shopping mall. Ivan was watched by people all the time, which made him hardly think about his old life in the jungle, who he really was, and what he really wanted. Instead, Ivan occupies himself with television, his friends Stella and Bob, and drawing. But when he met Ruby, a baby elephant taken from the wild, an elephant that still had the ability to think and dream ,he was forced to see their home, and his art, through new eyes, and he was forced to change.

二、內容摘錄:
”I’ve learned to understand human words over the years, but understanding human speech is not the same as understanding humans.”(P.003)

In my size humans see a test of themselves.(P.004)

My life is flashing lights and pointing fingers and uninvited visitors.(P.014)
I am a wild beast, my friend: untamed and undaunted.(P.037)
A zoo, Ruby, is a place where humans make amends. A good zoo is a place where humans care for animals and keep them safe. (P.166)
But many days I forget what I am supposed to be. Am I a human? Am I a gorilla? (P.143)
Babies eyes are too big for their faces, and for the world. (P.140)

三、我的觀點:
First, there’s a paragraph that the writer talks about ‘memories’ she says that memories are precious because it makes us who we are. This point of view about memories is really new to me, so I start thinking about it. And I find out I can’t be more agree about it .Memories do make us who we are, cause memories are the things we did in the past, no matter we like it or not, it stays. It stays and always appear when we are making big decisions ,that’s how it change our personality , our future, and even who we are. All in all, just like the author said, memories is a powerful thing.
Second, there’s a really significant human role in the story. Her name is Julia. She is a little girl who is kind, clever, and talented in art. Her gift in art should be a good thing, but it turns out to be a reason that makes her hard to focus on homework, which her father think is much more important than drawing. Every time she start drawing her father tell her to do her homework first. It might seem normal, but as soon as I start to think about it, I find it actually is really unfair. Drawing is never a bad thing, it can even be a career. If a child like to count or read, parents will be nothing but happy, however, when it comes to painting, parents will react completely different. What I want to say is that nobody should give up on what they want just because what they have talent in won’t be in the finale test. This find of things just shouldn’t happen, no matter it’s in the story or the reality.
Third, the author also talks about human’s words. It points out the differences between human’s words and animals’ words. The author says that human’s words are complicated, and most of the time, the words we use can’t really show how we feel. Animals are much simple, they have special actions when they want things, they don’t waste words. But I actually find it hard to say what’s better. Sometimes I do feel tired about always have to guess what people really mean through a lot of words that had been decorated, I do hate the feelings that they say things, but think things differently. But I also can’t deny that sometimes I use complicated words to cover myself too. Also, sometimes complicated words can be used to make cruel things become more easy to take. There’s benefit and there’s shortcoming, it’s all decided by what you are looking for, easy to understood or beautiful to express.
Forth, it talks about lonely. There’s a difference between lonely and alone. You can be alone without feeling lonely, also you can bee can be lonely when you actually have accompany. Take Ivan as a example, sure he is kept in a cage, but he’s actually not alone. He has Bob, Julia, and Stella, but they didn’t stop him from feeling lonely. It makes me find out that being lonely or not is chose by ourselves. Ivan think of himself the only gorilla in the mall, the one who has no family, that’s why he feel lonely, but he didn’t realize that he don’t have to be, he has friends beside him. He can choose to make them become his family, he can choose to look inside his heart, he can choose not to be lonely. Through Ivan, I’ve learn that when I’m alone, I don’t have to be lonely, even if there’s no one close to me, there’s always my friends and family in my heart.
Last, because the story was written from a gorilla’s point of view it makes me start to think about what animals might feel, and what’s their point of view. A special character in the story caught my attention---the untamed stray dog, Bob. Bob is an animal that is maverick, unique, and special. Bob has his own thoughts. Not like other dogs, not like other animals, even not like Ivan, he has the ability to judge. I’m really impressed that a dog like him can has his own opinions. Also, Bob knows clearly who he is. Bob can define himself in words. That’s what most of people can’t. Not only does he understand himself, but he knows how to make other people sure about who they are. For example, he helps Ivan to know more about himself. Bob might be mean and cold-blooded sometimes, but in the story we can also see the heart-warming and soft sides in him. For instance, he said that he wouldn’t let any human touch him, but he allowed Julia, a kind-hearted little girl, whose father works in the mall, to pet him. Also, when Ruby, a little elephant that was new to the mall, felt sad, he tried his best to comfort her. All those little sign shows that no matter how bad Bob wants to deny, he is actually a really good dog.
By analyzing this character, I come to a really important realization. Animals can be really human-like. Not like what people usually think about animals, every single one of them has their own personality, their own will, their own life, and even their own thoughts. It also leads us to a very serious problem to discuss---if animals are so human-like, why don’t we treat them like one? Time after time, we see ourselves as the best species on the planet, we consider ourselves immortal, and this kind of thought makes us assume that we have the right and power to control animals, to keep them in a cage without caring what they might feel, to make choices for them ; in fact, we even abuse them. You’ll find out this kind of idea is totally insane when you see the world through an animal’s eyes. Humans have life and so do animals. In other words, we are equal, and it’s necessary for us to respect each other.

四、討論議題:
1. We all know that we should treat animal in a humane way, but what’s really the “right” way? What can we do to achieve that goal?
2. What kind of animal do you think is in most critical danger and why?